The JUD-IT Project (Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters and Electronic IT Data in the EU: Ensuring Efficient Cross-Border Cooperation and Mutual Trust) counts with the financial support from the Justice Programme of the European Union (JUST-AG-2016-01).

© 2017 by JUD-IT Project.



Find below all the publications produced by the

JUD-IT project



Find below the information on our

Upcoming events 


by Rebecca Shaeffer and Laure Baudrihaye-Gérard

The paper highlights the concerns and proposes a number of recommendations for reform.

02/Publication: Cross-border Access to Electronic Data through Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters

State of the art and latest developments in the EU and the US

by Marco Stefan and Gloria González Fuster

This paper scrutinises the recent EU and US initiatives in light of the fundamental rights standards, rule of law touchstones, and secondary norms that, in the EU legal system, must be observed to ensure the lawful collection and exchange of data for criminal justice purposes. A series of doubts are raised as to the Commission e-evidence proposal and the CLOUD Act’s compatibility with the legality, necessity and proportionality benchmarks provided under EU primary and secondary law.


03/Publication: Law Enforcement Access to
Electronic Data in the framework
of Cross-border Criminal

State of the Art and Fundamental Rights

by Francesca Galli

Cross-border law enforcement access to individuals’ data held by private companies - profoundly challenge the safeguard of fundamental rights and the rule of law. There are three main models of foreign law enforcement authorities’ access to data: (1) mediated access; (2) unmediated access; (3)
hybrid access. EU Member States have traditionally privileged the model of mediated access.


by Valsamis Mitsilegas and Niovi Vavoula

This concept note is meant to provide a concise overview of the right to private life (Article 8 ECHR and Article 7 EU Charter) as underlined in a series of general and sectoral instruments. The centrality of privacy in an era of omnipotence of personal data and a constitutional recognition of the right to personal data protection (Article 8 EU Charter) is highlighted both from a normative and jurisdictional perspective. Furthermore, the note provides a typology of privacy standards on the
basis of recent case law by the European Court on Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the
European Union on surveillance practices through processing of personal data. Finally, emphasis is placed on the Data Protection Directive, by analysing its main features.

by Maastricht University

As part of the JUD-IT project, Maastricht University has compiled the following set of
jurisprudential case notes. The notes focus on specific landmark judgments held by the Court of Justice of the European Union, and scrutise key rulings through which the Court of Luxembourg addressed questions related to the processing of EU data in the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of crime and terrorism. The notes help clarifying the conditions that must be met in order for the gathering, accessing and sharing of electronic information by law enforcement authorities to be considered legal under EU law.
The following cases are hereby analyzed:
• Patrick Breyer v Bundesrepublik Deutschland (2016)
• Tele2 Sverige AB v Post-och telestyrelsen and Secretary of State for the Home Department v
Tom Watson and Others (“Tele2”) (2016)
• Opinion 1/15, Canada-EU PNR (2017)

01/ Transnational Judicial Training workshop

05/06 November 2018

EUI, Florence

The project aims at taking stock of how electronic data is requested, accessed and
exchanged through Mutual Legal Assistance agreements and mutual recognition instruments, in particular the European Investigation Order.

More info at:

02/ Policy Meeting - E-evidence: A new tool to counter cross-border crime? 

21 February 2019

The Egg, Brussels, Belgium

Digital data offers great opportunities – and difficulties for cross-border law
enforcement. Much electronic information is stored outside the country where it is
needed for purposes of countering crime and terrorism. In response, both the US and
Europe are proposing new laws designed to compel companies holding the data to
execute requests coming from abroad.

This Policy Meeting is organized within the CEPS Ideas Lab. 

More info at:

03/ Judicial cooperation and cross-border data gathering
in the fight against crime:
What future for E-evidence?

26/27 September 2019

Brussels, Belgium

The JUD-IT Final Conference intends to provide EU policy makers a sound evidence basis for discussing core issues and possible ways forward in the inter-institutional discussions that will define the scope and content of both, the EU draft regulation on European Production and Preservation Orders, and the new EU-US agreement under on cross-border access to data.

Download the full AGENDA. Registration at: